The Department of Pathology offers ACGME-accredited residency training in Anatomic, Clinical, or combined Anatomic and Clinical Pathology. In addition, fellowship training is offered in Surgical Pathology, Cytopathology, Neuropathology, Molecular Genetic Pathology, Hematopathology, and Forensic Pathology (at the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner).

The AP-CP programs provide residents with the training needed to prepare for a career in the academic or private practice of pathology. The program emphasizes the role of the pathologist as clinical consultant as well as diagnostician, educator, and manager. Core rotations include Surgical Pathology, Cytopathology, Autopsy Pathology and Neuropathology, Forensic Pathology, Transfusion Medicine, Hematopathology, Clinical Chemistry and Toxicology, Medical Microbiology, including Immunology/Virology, Molecular Diagnostics and Cytogenetics. Training is offered in Informatics and Laboratory Management. Residents are trained in fine-needle aspiration biopsies and therapeutic apheresis.

One-on-one training experience in laboratory rotations is supplemented by a full schedule of didactic conferences, "unknown" conferences, seminars, and journal club. Residents are actively involved in teaching medical students and technologists. Research opportunities are readily available and the Department offers financial support for residents presenting research projects at national meetings.